Bengaluru, the capital of Karnataka, occupies the heart of the Mysore Plateau with an average elevation of 920m (3,018 feet). With a population of approximately 8.08 million (2010), Bengaluru is India's third-largest city. It has a large number of lakes, the prominent among which are Sankey , Ulsoor and Yediyur lakes. A fast-growing metropolis, the city of Bengaluru has many imposing structures full of historic and modern architecture. The city has several institutions of Learning and Research. Many of them—such as the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Raman Research Institute, National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro-Sciences (NIMHANS), National Aerospace Laboratories and Bengaluru University—have world-wide acclaim. The high-tech industries such as Aerospace, Electronics, Computers and Software have made Bengaluru their home, thanks to the easy access to a vast pool of scientists and engineers in the city. In the area of art and culture too, the city boasts of a rich heritage and tradition. It has several schools of classical music and dance. Apart from many historic temples, the city abounds in picturesque parks, gardens and other scenic spots.
Climate: Bengaluru is known for its salubrious climate where temperatures remain moderate throughout the year. In summer, the maximum and minimum temperatures hover between 36°C and 20°C, while in winter, the temperatures range between 27°C and 17°C. It receives adequate rainfall from the Northeast Monsoon as well as the Southwest Monsoon.
Transportation: Highways connect Bengaluru to Chennai, Hyderabad, Mumbai and other neighboring cities. Kempegowda Bus Terminus in Bengaluru also known as the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) bus stand is located opposite the Bengaluru city railway station. Buses from here connect Bengaluru to all major cities and states in southern and western India. Bengaluru is well connected to all major Indian cities by rail. The train stations in Bengaluru include Bengaluru City, Bengaluru Cantonment, Yeshwantapur and Bengaluru East. It has an international airport at Devanhalli. Metered auto rickshaws, taxis and buses operated by BMTC provide good connectivity within the city.
Commmunications: Bengaluru provides the highest bandwidth in the country. The city's telephone system is serviced by almost all the major landline companies: BSNL, Tata Indicom, Reliance and Airtel. There are six mobile phone companies: GSM players include BSNL, Vodafone, Idea, Airtel; CDMA is offered by BSNL, Tata Indicom and Reliance. Several companies like BSNL, Tata Indicom, Bharati, Hathway, Reliance,Vodafone, Sify . and YOU Telecom offer broadband Internet access.